Journal Articles

Summer 2006 - Vol.36/No.4
Beginning Anew: Repetition, Narrative Desire, and The Scholars
Author : Yaohua Shi
Keywords : metaphor, metonymy, didactic intention,narrative desire, The Scholars
This article argues that the critical impasse surrounding TheScholars stems from the narrative structure of the novel. Whetherone views The Scholars as a committed satire or a“nihilist" textdepends on whether one privileges the metaphoric or themetonymic axis of the novel. While metaphor serves to bind thenarrative into a critique of the examination system,metonymy,associated with narrative desire,threatens to undermine thedidactic message outlined in the prologue. Hence the moralambiguity of The Scholars.
A Landscape of Mind: Liu E's Treatment ofTime and Space in The Travels of Lao Ts'an
Author : Daniel Y. Hou
Keywords : Liu E 劉鶚,The Travels of Lao Ts'an老残遊記, yu-chi 遊記,Lake Ming 明湖, the Yellow River 黄河, travels, time, space, self
A New Look at an Old Tragedy in Chinese Revolution: Historical Reflections in The South Anhui Incident
Author : Yunzhong Shu
Keywords : "the Culture Fever" (Wenhua re),historiography,Li Ruqing, KarlMannheim,The New Fourth Army (Xinsijun),revolutionaryhistorical fiction (geming lishe xiaoshuo),The South Anhui incident(Wannan Shibian)
In his 1987 historical novel The South Anhui lncident (Wannanshibian), a controversial product of the Culture Fever raging throughChina in the 1980s, the veteran writer Li Ruqing adopts a culturalapproach in his depiction of a major disaster in Chinese revolution.This cultural approach,in contradistinction to official Communisthistoriography and revolutionary historical fiction,results in theprominent presence of a critical authorial voice, the emphasis on thefeudal mentality in the highest Communist ranks and the focus onthe psychological experiences behind the decisions and actionsleading to the historical tragedy. At the same time,Li Ruqingenvisions history as open-ended,multidirectional and full ofunrealized potential,thus raising questions about his own highlysubjective, biased viewpoint. In the end a conclusion is implied thathistory is not completely knowable.
True Disbelief:The Poetry of Han Dong
Author : Maghiel Van Crevel
Keywords : contemporary Chinese poetry, Han Dong
The Site of Contestation: A Study of Women,Place, and Identity in Chinese and Western Literature
Author : Terry Siu-han Yip
Keywords : autonomy,domesticity.deprivation,gender, home, hysteria,identity,insanity, patriarchy, repression, suppression, victimization,violence
Many Chinese and Western writers often use differentgeographic locales orplace women under variousinstitutions/situations to explore notions of place, gender andidentity. Women's perpetual struggle for voice and space and theirconscious or unconscious quest for selfhood and integrity arecentral concerns of many Chinese and Western literary workspublished since the late nineteenth century. A close look at suchtexts as lbsen's A Doll's House,Lawrence's "You Touched Me,”Claspeil's “A Jury of Her Peers," Cao Yu's Thunderstorm and LiAng's The Butcher's Wife shows not only the agonies and sufferingsof women in general, but also elucidates how home can easilybecome a place of threat or fear, a place that subverts individualgrowth.In the course of their discussions, writers reveal those social,moral, or cultural implications or assumptions at work and try tomap out a route of growth or change for their female protagonists.
Transforming and Translating the Form:The Examples of Daniel Defoe and Lin Shu
Author : Yuan-wen Chi
Keywords : Daniel Defoe, Lin Shu,Robinson Crusoe,prose fiction,form,translation, Chinese literature,Western literature,mercantilism,Enlightenment, May Fourth Movement
From Abroad, with Love: Transnational Texts, Local Critiques
Author :
Keywords : love, family, community,public, ethics, Love and Duty, TheEducation of L.ove, "Three Generations"
ln early twentieth-century China, the introduction of Europeanromanticism not only inspired a new literary genre,but alsoengendered a social revolution.Romantic love was not just aboutthe thrills of courtship and heterosociability, it was also aboutbreaking free from the Confucian patriarchal family in order toplunge into the exhilarating realms of society and nation. However,beginning in the late 1920s, it became commonplace to lament thefailure of free love and to prescribe remedies ranging from returningto the family and renouncing individualism to social service andrevolutionary activism. ln this paper,I reflect on the responses to the crisis of romanticiove from both the conservative and radical circles.My primarysources are three translated texts and the opinions and criticismsthey elicited from among Chinese readers: Love and Duty by s.Horose, The Education of Love by Edmondo de Amicis and "ThreeGenerations" by Alexandra Kollontai. I focus on translated texts andtheir reception to lend support to a mode of comparative literaryanalysis that emphasizes the circulation of ideas,particularly howtranslated texts enterinto local circulation and are made meaningfulin local configurations and contestations. I also hope to show thatthe backlash against romantic love cannot be reduced to someilliberal streak of "Chinese culture." By focusing on translated texts,lcall attention to the fact that the critique of romanticism was aglobal discourse that brought together communitarian,nationalist,socialist, and even fascist currents of thought.