Journal Articles

Spring Summer 2005 - Vol.35/No.3-4
“The Moral Fuzziness of the English Was Meteorologically Induced”: De-fetishization of Difference in Salman Rushdie
Author : Chun-yen Chen
Keywords : difference, postcoloniality, Salman Rushdie, overdeterminationMidnight's Children, The Satanic Verses
This paper seeks to intervene in current postcolonial theory bycontesting the primacy of the idiom of difference in postcolonialinquiries.l propose that, in both The Satanic Verses and Midnight'sChildren,Rushdie demonstrates how postcoloniality is first andforemost an overdetermined inscription---that is,postcolonialitynames a condition wherein the postcolonial subject has to stumblethrough proliferated national,cultural,and linguistic metaphors,with the putative “national allegory" being the ultimate articulationof such metaphoricity.This motif is forcefully figured in Rushdie'snovels by a haunting sameness in or of the materiality of the textand in the constant interruption of the ethos of difference.
Ebola Syndrome: Media and the Meltdown of Guiding Distinctions
Author : James A.Steintrager
Keywords : Ebola virus, mass media, systems theory, ace, climate, Hollywood,Hong Kong cinema
Heat and Pleasure down under: Holy Smoke and Its Challenges
Author : Shen Shiao-Ying
Keywords : Jane Campion, Holy Smoke, Australian cinema, Laleen Jayamanneheat, A Song of Ceylon,Tracey Moffatt, Night Cries: A Rural Tragedy,pleasure, disarticulation
Through an analysis of Jane Campion's Holy Smoke, this paperlooks at the turn-of-the-millennium filmic exploration of femaleexperience, specifically as this experience is articulated throughfilmic representations of heat. By bringing in two other Australianfilms--A Song of Ceylon and Night Cries: A Rural Tragedy-the paperfurther probes the question of how the notion of visual pleasure canbe understood in a different light as female filmmakers areincreasingly engaged in the construction of the visual.
Weather,Aesthetics and Imperial Ambivalence in Two Nineteenth Century Travelogues about the "Torrid Zones"
Author : Eric K.W. Yu
Keywords : aesthetics, Alexander von Humboldt, imperial ambivalence, tropicsclimate, Mary Kingsley, travel and exploration, weather
In the Heat of the Night: Teaching the American Nightmare to the World
Author : Alice Mikal Craven
Keywords : American nightmare,John Ball,Black separatism,Dr. Pep per globalization, In the Heat of the Night,Norman Jewison,MossKendrix, Rodney King,Malcolm X Medium Cool, Night of the Livi ing Dead,No Logo,provincialism,Scott Silliphant Suture theory,T.Todorov, Cornel West, Haskell Wexler
Cultures built on the ideological promise of a dream life willhave recourse to the metaphor of the nightmare when confrontingmoments of conflict in their evolutions.The feverish nightmare ofthe civil rights' struggles in the United States 60's was experiencedby Norman Jewison (director of ln the Heat of the Night in 1967)and known to Spike Lee (Malcolm X 1993).One stark difference intheir heartfelt, didactic treatments of this tempestuous period isthat Spike Lee's film remains fixed on the literal tensions of racerelations in the U.S. Norman Jewison's film constructs a semiotics ofthe complicity between commercial imageryand narrativ e depictions of race relations, notably, the image of the South's softdrink industry as a thirst quenching alternative to true racial reform.Cinematographer HaskellWexler is instrumental in highlightingthese links.The article suggests Jewison's film as a pedagogic basefor further considering how American corporate culture used andcontinues to use depictions of race to suppress real racial reform inits relations with the rest of the world.
Writing Fever, Writing Trauma:Tropical Disease and Tribal Medicine—The Columbian Exchange in Leslie Marmon Silko's Almanac of the Dead and Gardens in the Dunes
Author : Hsinya Huang
Keywords : fever, trauma, tropical disease, tribal medicine, Leslie, Marmon Silko
This paper studies Native American encounters with colonialdisease and configures this disease categorically as "fever."Fever isnot to be seen as a pure physical symptom only, but is a culturalmetaphor of Native trauma as well as a bodily reflection of thedrought in Native homelands. Whereas trauma is understood as aninner inflammation of the psyche, fever is the acting out of such apsychological wound. lt is a sign of disease,but it is,moreimportantly,that of resistance to disease. Using two of LeslieMarmon Silko's novels,Almanac of the Dead (1991)and Gardens inthe Dunes (1999),I look into the ways fever becomes a finalizedreaction of the Native American body defending itself against apathogenic attack.l argue for the function of fever as the"workingthrough”as well as the "acting out”of Native Americanpsychological, spiritual,and historical trauma. Appropriating andreinventing fever as a cultural metaphor, Silko not only discloses thebitterness and poignancy of Native American traumatic history butlocates tribal resistance and healing in the salutary value of fever toinstill health, harmony, and balance in both the tribal body and theland.
When the Womb Heats UP, the Vapors Rise, & the Mother suffocates: The Question of Lear's "Mother"
Author : TSu -Chung Su
Keywords : Shakespeare, King lear, hysteria,mother, womb, Edward Jorden,Samuel Harsnett, the feminine other, self-fashioning
Ghost-writing:Trauma and Queer Performativity in Taiwanese Lesbian Fiction
Author : Liang-ya Liou
Keywords : Taiwanese lesbian fiction, trauma, ghost, queer performativity,Chiu Miao-ji, Notes of the Crocodile, Chang Yi-shuan, “The Blissful Haunted House "
Due to social hostility, some Taiwanese lesbian fictions appearin the form of " ghost-writing," concerned with the ghost-status ofthe lesbian.Among them, i find Chiu Miao-jin's lesbian novel Notesof the Crocodile and Chang Yi-shuan's short story "The BlissfulHaunted House”particularlyintriguing. Both fictions areBildungsromans retrospectively delving into the trauma of growingup lesbian; both use queer performativity to transform shame intoproud self-display and thereby produce meaning and subjectivity.Drawing from ziek's interpretation of the Lacanian notions of thebiological death and the symbolic death and the gap between them,l argue that if the patriarchal symbolic denies the existence oflesbianism and sentences the lesbian to symbolic death prior to herbiological death, then the narrator of either fiction can be seen asusing the public space between her and the reader to deal with theghosting,and this also involves the Lacanian gap between the twodeaths. Both narrators deploy various kinds of strategies to fight thesystem. presenting the lesbian as more than just a sublime ghost ora fearsome monster, for they also portray the lesbian as a child or atrickster refusing the symbolic death and mischievously donning thecostumes of the ghost and the monster to terrify the straight. Thispaper will deal with the ghost-writing of these two fictions,exploring how the narrators alternate the tropes of the ghost andthe monster with different strategies in presenting the lesbian'strauma and queer performativity and thereby renegotiate thelesbian's space in the symbolic order.
Sun Scream: Alfred Hitchcock and the Anxiety of the Tourist
Author : Robert R.Shandley
Keywords : Hitchcock, widescreen cinema, tourism, auterism, runawayproduction
Why is ToCatch a Thief ignored by those who study Hitchcock?To Catch a Thief was the director's first film filmed primarily onlocation. And, it was his first experiment with widescreen formatcinema. The combination of these two factors puts the director inan insecure position not dissimilar to the insecure nouvelle richetourists depicted in the film. Hitchcock is unable to reproduce theconditions he has at home and thus ends up making a film thatmakes him little more than an average tourist who has lost herjewels.
Walking amidst a Disembodied City:Corporeal Representation and Abject Imagesin Charles Baudelaire's Parisian Flanerie
Author : Jen-yi Hsu
Keywords : Charles Baudelaire,Tableux parisiens, the Uncanny, the abject,the body, the Other, urban representation, modernity
Several of Baudelaire's poems in Tableux parisiens depict theuncanny scene in which the repressed creaks through the hygienic,glittering facade of Haussmann's urban planning. The ineradicablepresence of these ragged people is uncannily linked with the tropesof the body,the dangerous,the abject. the suitry or theexotic—impurities that the hygienic bourgeois ideologyofHaussmann's urban planning tries to cleanse itself of, tirelessly.lnformed by theorists such as Christine Buci-Glucksmann, Michel deCerteau, Victor Burgin, Martin Jay, Kristeva, Freud, and so forth, thispaper analyzes the "corporeal"aspect in Baudelaire's poems andargues that by the very token of purification and rejection implicit inHaussmann's homogenizing tendency of urban transformationwhich aims to get rid of those unwanted and the bodily messiness,the same gesture,paradoxically,inscribes its disavowed culturalother within itself.